A person is born with feelings of envy and hate. If he gives way to them, they will lead him to violence and crime, and any sense of loyalty and good faith will be abandoned.
Human nature is evil, and goodness is caused by intentional activity.
In order to properly understand the big picture, everyone should fear becoming mentally clouded and obsessed with one small section of truth.
The petty man is eager to make boasts, yet desires that others should believe in him. He enthusiastically engages in deception, yet wants others to have affection for him. He conducts himself like an animal, yet wants others to think well of him.
Pride and excess bring disaster for man.
Therefore, a person should first be changed by a teacher's instructions, and guided by principles of ritual. Only then can he observe the rules of courtesy and humility, obey the conventions and rules of society, and achieve order.
The person attempting to travel two roads at once will get nowhere.
When you concentrate on agriculture and industry and are frugal in expenditures, Heaven cannot impoverish your state.
Whether the gentleman is capable or not, he is loved all the same; conversely the petty man is loathed all the same.
If knowledge and foresight are too penetrating and deep, unify them with ease and sincerity.
A person is born with desires of the eyes and ears, and a liking for beautiful sights and sounds. If he gives way to them, they will lead him to immorality and lack of restriction, and any ritual principles and propriety will be abandoned.
If the impulse to daring and bravery is too fierce and violent, stay it with guidance and instruction.
When you locate good in yourself, approve of it with determination. When you locate evil in yourself, despise it as something detestable.
Mencius said that human nature is good. I disagree with that.
I once tried standing up on my toes to see far out in the distance, but I found that I could see much farther by climbing to a high place.
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